Development of Port Kuala Tanjung as The Biggest Port in Sumatera Island: Potrait of Social, Environmental and Economic Impacts for Small-Scale Fishers

In a theoretical framework, the vision of President Jokowi’s maritime axis is driven with the aim of increasing the capacity of coastal communities. It is supported by three main points becoming Jokowi’s mission, namely: first, to realize national security that is able to maintain regional sovereignty, to sustain economic independence by securing marine resources, and to reflect Indonesia as an archipelagic nation. Secondly, to realize a free and active foreign policy in strengthening identity as a maritime nation. Third, realizing Indonesia as an independent, developed, strong and based on national interests maritime state. The vision, which is based on
infrastructure development, is the first step towards developing the Indonesian marine sector. Infrastructure development aiming to improve connectivity between regions will naturally have a double impact on the dynamics of the flow of marine goods and services and to grow a new economic center expected to reach its final destination (Hamid, 2017).

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